A Simple Breakdown:

  • HD is a hereditary disease. If one of your parent’s have it, then you have a 50/50 chance of inheriting the illness.
  • The main physical symptom of HD is called Chorea, which is Latin for Dance. It consists of violent twitching that can cause a victim to burn up to 1,000 calories an hour.
  • HD usually takes over during the prime of a person’s life.
  • Mental illnesses are extremely prominent within HD. They usually arise 10-15 years before the physical symptoms arise, and can consist of depression, anxiety, paranoia, O.C.D., memory loss, impulsive behavior, and/or mood swings.
  • Each person diagnosed with HD has a unique CAG number, which represents the repeat count of the mutated gene. In most cases, the disease manifests earlier if the CAG count is higher.
  • You must be 18 to get tested and go through a series of genetic counseling before you are able to receive your results.
  • The disease manifests itself differently in every person. Some may develop more mental symptoms than physical, some develop earlier than others, and so on.
  • There is currently no cure, and very little treatment for the symptoms.

Below is a picture of a regular brain vs. a brain with HD:

 

Below is a video of the Chorea that HD causes:

You can find out more about HD here.